It is the intellectual packaging around which you present your study to the reader.
It prevents readers from concluding that you ignored or dismissed the findings of others, even if they are disputed. Maintain double-spacing throughout.
Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin.
See our section on citation styles for more information. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. You must cite research in order to do research, but at the same time, you must delineate what are your original thoughts and ideas and what are the thoughts and ideas of others.
Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. Academic Skills Centre. If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference.
As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content.
Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
But be careful not to change too many words! Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so.