Proper way to cite sources in an essay

It is the intellectual packaging around which you present your study to the reader.


It prevents readers from concluding that you ignored or dismissed the findings of others, even if they are disputed. Maintain double-spacing throughout.

Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin.

Citation machine

Properly citing the works of others is important because: Proper citation allows readers to locate the materials you used. Published June 7, This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. What Are Footnotes? Do not see this as a setback or become discouraged if you discover that your brilliant idea or important insight has already been identified by someone else. Martin's Handbook. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay. Reference entry American Psychological Association. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. The only possible exception to this rule is information that is considered to be a commonly known fact [e. So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, e.

See our section on citation styles for more information. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. You must cite research in order to do research, but at the same time, you must delineate what are your original thoughts and ideas and what are the thoughts and ideas of others.

Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. Academic Skills Centre. If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference.

As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content.

Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.

But be careful not to change too many words! Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so.

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How Do I Cite Sources?