Writing a discussion section of a scientific research paper

The discussion should show how your findings fit with existing knowledge, what new insights they contribute, and what consequences they have for theory or practice.

Department of Biology. The mechanisms through which cancers escape EGFR-targeted therapies remain unclear. The traditional Results and Discussion sections are best combined because results make little sense to most readers without interpretation.

Writing a discussion section of a scientific research paper

Writing in Psychology course syllabus. If a study that you cited disagrees with your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why the study's findings differ from yours. Systematically explain the meaning of the findings and why you believe they are important. This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results. As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work. If so, why might this be? Next, state the desired situation what we want. With this in mind, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. The Results and Discussion sections present and discuss the research results, respectively. As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings. How to write an effective discussion. You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.

To this end, they must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must include just enough evidence to establish the validity of this outcome.

Finally, they structure the content in the body in theorem-proof fashion, stating first what readers must remember for example, as the first sentence of a paragraph and then presenting evidence to support this statement.

How to write a discussion section apa

Next, delineate the limitations of your findings and suggest future research directions. Further research is needed to establish… Future studies should take into account… What to leave out of the discussion There are a few common mistakes to avoid when writing the discussion section of your dissertation. Department of Biology. Use of the first person pronoun is generally acceptable. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. In the following example, we state the approach bold and the main result underline. Follow a logical stream of thought. Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information.

Therefore, be careful that you do not read more into the findings than can be supported by the evidence you've gathered. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance.

This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.

To make this section interesting, explain the choices you made in your experimental procedure: What justifies using a given compound, concentration, or dimension?

how to write a discussion in a lab report

However, based on the findings of similar studies, a more plausible explanation is Y. Paragraph 6: Discuss your overall conclusion and the major impact of your study.

How long should a discussion section be

This demonstrates to the reader you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Paragraph 4: Discuss the limitations of the study. Hypothesis: a more general claim or possible conclusion arising from the results [which may be proved or disproved in subsequent research]. Writing in Psychology course syllabus. The focus of this paragraph is to highlight the most important contribution that your study has made. Interpretation is a subjective exercise. You can also begin by highlighting the most significant or unexpected results. After identifying the problem, state the main reason that this study was needed. An explicit preview would be phrased much like the object of the document: "This section first. Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. A strong Discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth. Shortcomings of the Study In this section, explain any limitations that your hypothesis or experimental approach might have and the reasoning behind it.

Overall Objectives The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: I. NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources in your research paper are usually found in the discussion section.

What was the overarching hypothesis?

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